Tae Kwon Do History
Tae Kwon Do History
There were seven kwans or schools of Korean Tae Kwon Do. Chung Do Kwan is considered to be the original style of “Korean Karate”. The kwans (schools) and founder most involved in the formation of Tae Kwon Do included:
|Chung Do Kwan||Won Kuk Lee|
|Song Moo Kwan||Noh Byung Jik|
|Moo Duk Kwan||Hwang Kee|
|Yon Moo Kwan||Chun Sang Sup|
|Chang Moo Kwan||Pyong In Yun|
|Chi/Ji Do Kwan||Pyong In Yun|
|Oh Do Kwan||Choi Hong Hi|
When translated into English, Chung Do Kwan is translated as “The Gym of the Blue Wave”. This original style of Taekwondo was founded by Grandmaster Won Kuk Lee in 1944. Lee received his initial training in Shotokan Karate, under its founder Funakoshi Gichen, while attending law school at Chuo University. Lee returned to Korea and started teaching Chung Do Kwan Tae Kwon Do. Some of his first students were Duk Sung Son, Woon Kyu Uhm, Jong Myung Hyun, Jae Chun Ko and Jhoon Rhee.
When the Korean war broke out, Lee returned to Japan and appointed the oldest of his senior students, Duk Sung Son, as his successor. Grandmaster Son remained in this position until moving to the United States and forming the World Tae Kwon Do Association. He taught at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point and several universities. During this time he was the author of two books, Korean Karate-The Art of Tae Kwon Do and Black Belt Korean Karate.
Prior to this time, during WWl l, Master Atlee Chittirn began his training in the art of judo, emphasizing the use of disarming techniques. He studied karate under a series of military instructors and finally as Grand Master Robert Trias pointed out “He was the man to bring Jhoon Rhee to the U.S. Grand Master Rhee acknowledges that Master Chittim was his first bfack belt in the United States. Master Chittim began teaching in 1955 and by 1960 had upwards to 300 students attending classes at the YMCA and various colleges and churches in San Antonio, Texas. While training with Master Chittim, Dr. Jordan competed in tournaments held by Master Chittim at San Pedro Park, Trinity University, San Fernando College, San Antonio YMCA and other local churches. Joe Dupaquier was the last black belt promoted by Master Chittiom prior to his death.
Since Chung Do Kwan is a style of Tae Kwon Do, it follows the same ideas as Tae Kwon Do as a whole, with specialty techniques being the side kick, flying side kick, jumping side kick, and later the spin back kick and flying spin back kick.